When one hears the diagnosis of Type II Diabetes, they automatically assume that they must completely cut sugar out of their diet. Many diabetics are not aware that sugar is not actually their enemy, and like all other things can be consumed in moderation. On the other hand diabetics must choose their carbohydrates wisely to avoid blood sugar highs and lows.

Diabetes Type II

Type II Diabetes is commonly referred to as hyperglycemia. It is a condition that prevents the pancreas from creating insulin, or the chemical in the body that breaks down sugar and carbohydrates. In the United States alone, there are over 18 million people who have been diagnosed with Type II Diabetes, and another estimated 7 million people who are still undiagnosed.

Sugar and Type II Diabetes

Healthy sugars can be consumed by those with Type II Diabetes. Sugars that are in fruits, vegetables, and other produce can assist the body in increasing the amount of insulin the body can make on its own. These sugars are considered simple sugars, which are easy to break down once they enter the body.

Modified sugars, like those found in candy, cakes, and many pies, can have negative effects on people with diabetes. While these items are not completely off limits, it is important to eat them in moderation and not over indulge. It is always a wise idea to check blood sugar levels before consuming even small amounts of this these foods to ensure that it is not already high.


Carbohydrates are another part of food that diabetics should monitor closely. It is very important to understand what carbohydrates are, and how they can change blood glucose levels. There are three main types of carbohydrates that it is important to monitor. Starch, sugar, and dietary fibers can cause highs and lows in blood sugar if they are not carefully monitored.

Being diabetic does not mean that certain foods have to be avoided altogether. But being diabetic does mean that careful monitoring of the contents of foods is extremely important. Diabetics who are considered Type II should ensure that they do not consume more than 40 to 60 grams of carbohydrates per meal, this includes carbohydrates that are labeled as sugar. Although it is rather easy to consume 40 to 60 carbohydrates, you can still eat a filling meal as long as you consume an adequate amount of protein. A few examples of items containing 60 carbohydrates is ½ cup cooked oatmeal, one pancake, or ¼ cup of cooked rice.

There are more examples of rationed carbohydrates listed in online. With just a little research, you could have your blood sugars on target in no time.  It is also recommended that most of the carbohydrates come from starch rather than modified sugar. This is because starchy carbohydrates break down slower and help maintain a more even blood sugar than can be provided by modified sugars.

If there is anything that should be avoided altogether it would be refined starches. For example, carbohydrates from bleached flour and white rice burn faster than unbleached flour and brown rice.  Recently, many companies who create products made from bleached flour have created lines of food that cater directly to the diabetic population. Companies like Walden Farms, who specialize in diabetic friendly jellies and jams. Glucerna is another company that specializes in diabetic cereals and snacks, and these are just a couple of companies that help make the life of diabetics easier.  They are specially formulated with carbohydrates that help maintain a more balanced, level blood glucose level.

The most important thing to remember when purchasing premade foods is to monitor the carbohydrate count. Keeping your carbohydrate consumption under control is a big step in controlling your blood sugars and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

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